There are no national statistics on female genital cutting (FGC) in the United Kingdom. The practice is not indigenous to the country, however FGC has been known to continue within some diaspora, refugee and immigrant populations.
One research study suggests 137,000 women living in England and Wales are affected by the practice.
Source: City University
The type of FGC practised by communities in the UK is likely to be varied, depending on the traditions surrounding the practice within their ethnic group/country of heritage.
The average age at which girls living in the UK have undergone FGC is unknown. Girls at risk may undergo FGC from birth, approximately up until the age of 16, depending on the traditional age of cutting within a specific ethnic group.
Varied. Girls living in the UK may be at risk of undergoing the practice within the country, or overseas. This could be carried out by a medical practitioner, or by a traditional cutter.
There has been a law against FGC in the UK since 1985. In 2003, an additional law was introduced, making it illegal to take a girl overseas to undergo the practice.
14 in 2018 index, based on 2017 data.
3.7 deaths per 1,000 live births (2016).
9 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015).
Source: Human Development Index
At least 4.1 million girls around the world are currently at risk of being cut every year.
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