The type of female genital cutting (FGC) in Nigeria varies by ethnicity and region. Type III has a higher prevalence in the northern states. Type I and II are more predominant in the south.
82% of women aged 15-49 underwent FGC before the age of five.
Source: UNFPA-UNICEF, based on DHS 2013
Traditional practitioners perform the vast majority of FGC in Nigeria (87%). Some FGC is performed by medical practitioners.
Illegal in some states (The Violence Against Persons Prohibition Act is a federal act that requires adoption by individual states for anti-FGC law to be harmonised across Nigeria).
The UNFPA-UNICEF joint programme on FGC is active in the south and south-west regions. It is supporting the government and mobilising senior political figures and their wives, including the First Lady of Nigeria, to accelerate efforts towards the elimination of the practice.
Phase II of the programme (2014-2017) saw declarations of abandonment of FGC from 1,059 communities.
It would appear that no data on prosecutions is publicly available. This suggests monitoring and collection needs to be improved in order to inform government strategies and programmes.
157 in 2018 index, based on 2017 data.
69 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015).
Source: 28 Too Many
814 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015).
Source: 28 Too Many
The practice of FGC in Nigeria is steadily decreasing. The risk of cutting has dropped by almost a half.
FGC rates are higher in the south and south west of Nigeria. The Osun region has the highest prevalence, at 91-100%.
Source: UNICEF, based on MICS 2016, UNFPA-UNICEF
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At least 4.1 million girls around the world are currently at risk of being cut every year.
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