Type II is the most common form of female genital cutting (FGC) in Senegal, with some groups practising Type III.
Over two thirds of the girls who underwent FGC in Senegal were below the age of five.
FGC in Senegal is carried out by traditional practitioners.
Illegal. Punishable by a sentence of one to five years in prison.
The UNFPA-UNICEF joint programme on FGC is active across the country.
Phase II of the programme (2014-2017) saw 723 communities make public declarations of FGC abandonment, involving more than 266,800 individuals. It reports that girls’ and women’s attitudes towards FGC show no significant change in the period. The majority of girls and women and boys and men aged 15-49 think FGC should end.
In Senegal and West Africa, Orchid Project’s grassroots partner Tostan has partnered with nearly 9,000 communities that have publicly declared abandonment of FGC. This was possible through a human rights-based, community-led programme in local languages.
Law enforcement appears to be weak. Few cases have been brought to court since legislation was introduced.
164 in 2018 index, based on 2017 data.
42 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015).
Source: 28 Too Many
315 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015).
Source: 28 Too Many
The practice of FGC in Senegal is slowly changing. Fewer adolescents have undergone the procedure than previous generations, 21% of girls aged 15-19 compared to 26% of women age 45-49.
Prevalence of FGC in Senegal varies widely – from 77.8% in the south to 6% in the central region.
By ethnicity and religion
FGC is most common among Soninke (78%) and Pular (62%) and lowest for women from the Wolof and Serer groups (2%).
29% of Muslim women have undergone FGC compared to 11% of Christian women and 16% of Animist women.
At least 3.9 million girls around the world are currently at risk of being cut every year.
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