Estimated prevalence among girls and women aged 15-49
Note: There are no recent surveys about female genital cutting (FGC) prevalence and practice in South Sudan. Previously, UNICEF has reported that prevalence was 1% amongst women aged 15-49 years.
Illegal. It is not known to what extent South Sudan’s anti-FGC laws have been enforced.
2008 – Both the Penal Code Act and Child Act criminalise FGC
2016 – The East Africa Community (EAC), which includes South Sudan, enacted the Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation Act
The EAC Act was designed to promote regional cooperation in the prosecution of perpetrators of FGC through the harmonisation of laws, policies and strategies for ending the practice. Regional EAC law takes precedence over domestic law but is not yet fully enacted in South Sudan.
One of the challenges in enforcing the law is that many of those reportedly still practising FGC are classed as internally displaced persons, living in UN protection-of-civilians sites throughout the South Sudan.
Human Development Index ranking
187 in 2018 index, based on 2017 data. This is one of the lowest development rankings in the world; only the Central African Republic and Niger are below South Sudan in the index.