Type II is the most commonly practised form of female genital cutting (FGC) in Yemen. Type III is also practised by a small group of East African immigrant/refugee communities within Yemen.
85% of girls undergo FGC in the first week after their birth.
Source: UNFPA-UNICEF, based on DHS 2013
Legal. As present there is no law that bans FGC in Yemen. There was a ministerial decree, effective January 2001 that prohibited the practice in government and private health facilities.
The humanitarian crisis in Yemen – including war, famine and a cholera outbreak – has meant that efforts to end FGC are severely hindered. Support from the UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Programme has therefore mainly focused on building capacity of service providers and working with communities to shift social norms.
178 in 2018 index, based on 2017 data.
43 deaths per 1,000 births.
Source: Human Development Index, 2016
385 deaths per 100,000 live births.
Source: Human Development Index, 2015
FGC in Yemen appears to have been showing some signs of decline before the most recent humanitarian crisis. Political instability, poverty, illiteracy and gender disparity, as well religious and community leaders’ support for FGC, are all significant challenges.
There are significant regional differences in prevalence. Eastern regions have the highest rates at over 85%, while an area to the far west of Yemen has a rate of 51-70%.
At least 4.1 million girls around the world are currently at risk of being cut every year.
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