Legal. As present there is no law that bans FGC in Yemen. There was a ministerial decree, effective January 2001 that prohibited the practice in government and private health facilities.
2001 – Ban on FGC by medical professionals
2008 – Multi-faceted plan designed to reduce incidences of FGC by 30% by 2012
2009 – FGC section removed from a Safe Motherhood Law
2014 – Revival of efforts to outlaw FGC in Yemen, via the proposed Child Rights Act
2017 – FGC included in national strategy on reproductive health
2017 – Reproductive Maternal Newborn Health and Advocacy Strategy, 2017-2021
The humanitarian crisis in Yemen – including war, famine and a cholera outbreak – has meant that efforts to end FGC are severely hindered. Support from the UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Programme has therefore mainly focused on building capacity of service providers and working with communities to shift social norms.
FGC in Yemen appears to have been showing some signs of decline before the most recent humanitarian crisis. Political instability, poverty, illiteracy and gender disparity, as well religious and community leaders’ support for FGC, are all significant challenges.