Female genital cutting (FGC) is not traditionally practised in Canada. A growing number of survivors are speaking out about the continuation of the practice within immigrant, refugee and diaspora populations.
The type of FGC practised by communities in Canada is likely to be varied. Canadian survivors have spoken out against the practice from the Canadian-Somali community. Within Somalia, Type III FGC is most prevalent. Survivors have also spoke out from the Dawoodi Bohra community, which is reported to practice Type I FGC across India, Pakistan and within the global diaspora.
Unknown. Girls from different communities could undergo FGC from birth, approximately up until the age of 16, depending on the traditional age of cutting within a specific ethnic group.
Unknown. Girls and women have reportedly undergone FGC within Canada, and through being taken overseas to undergo the procedure. This is also known as “vacation cutting”.
Illegal. FGC is a criminal offence in Canada.
12 in 2018 index, based on 2017 data.
4.3 deaths per 1,000 live births (2016).
7 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015).
Source: Human Development Index
Trends in prevalence of FGC in Canada are unknown.
Survivors from the Canadian-Somali community have spoken out against FGC, as well as survivors from the Dawoodi Bohra community in Canada. FGC could also be prevalent within other immigrant and refugee populations from Africa, the Middle East and Asia.
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At least 3.9 million girls around the world are currently at risk of being cut every year.
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