There are no national statistics on FGC in Spain.
The practice is not indigenous to the country, however FGC has been known to continue within some diaspora, refugee and immigrant populations.
In 2013, the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) noted that nearly 10,500 girls, and over 30,400 women living in Spain had come from a country where FGC is traditionally practised. According to Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, this rose to 70,000 women from FGC-affected countries by 2017.
The Guardian reported in 2015 that Catalonia is home to the largest at-risk population.
Source: EIGE, UAB & The Guardian
The type of FGC practised by communities in Spain is likely to be varied, depending on the traditions surrounding the practice within their ethnic group/country of heritage.
The average age at which girls living in Spain have undergone FGC is unknown. Girls at risk may undergo FGC from birth, approximately up until the age of 16, depending on the traditional age of cutting within a specific ethnic group.
Varied. Girls living in Spain may be at risk of undergoing the practice within the country, or overseas. This could be carried out by a medical practitioner, or by a traditional cutter.
Illegal. Spain implemented a law against FGC in 2003.
26 in 2018 index, based on 2017 data.
2.7 deaths per 1,000 live births (2016).
5 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015).
Source: Human Development Index
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