2018 population growth rate


Estimated prevalence among girls and women

Unknown. There are no national statistics on prevalence of female genital cutting (FGC) in Mexico. The practice is thought to occur amongst tribal communities in eastern Mexico.

Type practised

Little is known about the type of FGC practised by some communities in Mexico. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has reported that in east Mexico, “introcision” is practised.

OHCHR notes that amongst the Pitta-Patta aborigines, introcision involves the enlarging and tearing of the vaginal orifice, followed by compulsory sexual intercourse with a number of young men.

Type I FGC (clitirodectomy) has also been noted as a practice in Mexico.

Source: OHCHR & Elchalal et al


Unknown. Reports suggest FGC could occur at puberty.

Source: OHCHR


Traditional practitioner.

Legal status


Human Development Index ranking

74 in 2018 index, based on 2017 data.

Infant mortality rate

12.6 deaths per 1,000 live births (2016).

Maternal mortality rate

38 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015).

Source: Human Development Index