Illegal, if performed on a minor. There is no protection for women over 18, however.
2005 – Mauritanian government passed a law criminalising FGC on a minor
2007 – National strategy for combatting FGC created along with mechanism to monitor
2008 – Budget established for anti-FGC unit
2015 – National strategy for combatting FGC
2016 – FGC included in Strategy on Accelerated Growth and Prosperity (2016-2030)
2017 – Law on reproductive health includes two articles criminalising FGC
The UNFPA-UNICEF joint programme on FGC has worked with Mauritania’s Ministry of Social Affairs, Childhood and the Family, and Ministry of Justice, to harmonise legislation and create one law that incorporates FGC.
Phase II of the programme (2014-2017) saw 345 communities make public declarations of FGC abandonment. In 2018, it reported that girls and women’s attitudes have been slowly changing. Half of girls and women aged 15-49 think FGC should end.