Unknown. Small scale studies suggest varying prevalence rates in different regions. A study showed that 55.7% of women in Ravansar had undergone female genital cutting (FGC). In Hormozgan, southern Iran, 68% had undergone FGC.
Source: Pashaei et al and Dehghankhalili et al
Girls in Iran commonly undergo Type I and II FGC, according to small scale studies.
In some regions, girls are cut at birth, whilst in other provinces girls may be cut around age seven, up to the age of 10.
Source: Pashaei et al and Südwind
Source: Pashaei et al
Iranian law does not mention FGC specifically, but does punish mutilation of the body. The Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran released a fatwa in June 2014 saying that neither female nor male circumcision was obligatory, but it did not condemn the practice.
Source: Stop FGM Middle East
60 in 2018 index, based on 2017 data.
13 deaths per 1,000 live births (2016).
25 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015).
Source: Human Development Index
Research on FGC in Iran is scarce, so trends in prevalence are unknown.
Information on prevalence by region is limited, however 70% of FGC is thought to occur in: Kurdistan, Western Azarbaijan, Kermanshah, Illam, Lorestan and Hormozghan.
Research by Kameel Ahmady found the highest prevalence of FGC in Iranian Kurdistan.
Practising religious groups
FGC is practised by: Sunni Shaf’i Muslims and Shi’a Muslims.
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At least 4.1 million girls around the world are currently at risk of being cut every year.
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