21.3 million (2019)
Unknown. There have been small-scale studies to show that female genital cutting (FGC) is practised among some Muslim communities in Sri Lanka, which make up about 8% of the population. Specifically, it is practised within the Moor, Malay and Dawoodi Bohra communities, and studies and anecdotes find that 90% of women and girls have been cut.
Source: Stop FGM Middle East, Reuters, and Al Jazeera
The most widely practised form is Type I of FGC – Clitoridectomy. It involved the removal of the clitoral hood or the clitoris.
Source: Stop FGM Middle East
In the Dawoodi Bohra community, girls undergo FGC at the age of 6 or 7.
Among Moor and Malay communities, a child is cut on the 40th day after birth
FGC within the Dawoodi Bohra community may be carried out by a medical practitioner or a traditional cutter.
FGC within the Moor and Malay communities is carried out by an ‘Osthi maami’, a medically unqualified traditional cutter.
There is no law against FGC specifically in Sri Lanka. However, FGC could be liable to punishment under some domestic laws such as Section-308(A)(1) of the Penal Code that explicitly refers to any “injury to limb or organ of the body or any mental derangement” of a person under the age of eighteen “commits the offence of cruelty to children”, and constitutes as child abuse.
The health ministry denounced FGC and prohibited doctors from any involvement in the tradition.
Source: Wickramage et. al (June 2018), Reuters (July 2018)
FGC is practised within the Dawoodi Bohra community in Sri Lanka, which is originally from India and Pakistan. The Bohras are mostly based in Colombo. Here, daughters are cut at the age of 7, and the practice is known as khatna.
The Moor and Malay communities (ethnic Muslim communities in Sri Lanka) are of the Shafi school of Islam, where female circumcision is mandatory. They make up about 98 percent of the local Muslim population. These communities have their daughters cut on the 40th day after birth, often by traditional practitioners known as Osthi Maamis.
Source: Sri Lanka Brief, Sunday Observer, Lanka web
Rank 76 in 2019 index (2018)
8 deaths per 1,000 live births (2018)
30 deaths per 100,000 live births (2018).
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At least 4.1 million girls around the world are currently at risk of being cut every year.
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